Appearance and features:
Originally bred for the purpose of catching mice and other rodents, the American Shorthair is a very balanced medium boned cat, with a firm muscular feel to the body, well proportioned in all parts. They have a sweet open expression given from a large head with a full-cheeked face, medium-size ears that are slightly rounded at the tips and large, wide eyes. Their short fluffy fur coats don’t shed as much as other popular feline breeds do. They are easily cared for by combing or brushing a few tines a week to remove dead loose hair from their coats.
This is a medium-size cat weighing 8 to 12 pounds.
The American Shorthair developed from native American working cats that had been brought over seas on ships and naturally repopulated with American Cats already in America.
Though they come in a large assortment of colors and patterns, they are mostly focused on for their painted on silver classic tabby pattern.
These early American cats are thought to have come with early settlers to this country bringing their diverse backgrounds to form an “American” cat. With their hunting skills, they were kept as “working cats” on ships to keep the mouse and rodent population down on the long journeys, but were soon noticed for their intelligence and friendly companion qualities.
Known for their hunting skills, Americans are good-natured, easy-going cats, good with children and families. They can be calm but are also playful even into old age. Intelligent cats, they are interested in everything around them, with female cats being more active than the more easy going males.
American Shorthairs are generally healthy, with one health issue of concern for the breed. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), which is the most common form of heart disease in cats. No one can guarantee that their cats will never develop HCM, though the parents lineage should be tested for the HCM gene.